EV, BEV, HEV, PHEV, FCV, Electric Vehicles, What are They

Home » EV, BEV, HEV, PHEV, FCV, Electric Vehicles, What are They

To put it simply, electric vehicles are the vehicles that uses electrical energy as their energy supply and the electric motors as their power engine. But friends, you have seen EV, PHEV, pure electric, hybrid, extended-range electric vehicles and other types of electric vehicles in various media. Are you dazzled and confused? Let me tell you the answer.

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Electric vehicle, electric vehicle, covers a variety of vehicles with electric characteristics. Basically, cars equipped with electric motors can be collectively called EVs.


Battery Electric vehicle, battery-powered vehicle.

Model features

Generally refers to pure electric vehicles. That is, only the battery provides energy supply, and only the electric motor provides power to drive the car forward. This type of vehicle can achieve completely zero emissions during driving.

Pure electric vehicles are generally equipped with larger-capacity batteries and provide two charging interfaces, AC slow charging and DC fast charging.

Because this type of vehicle can only rely on batteries to provide energy and based on the current status of battery performance and charging infrastructure, pure electric vehicles will bring greater range anxiety to car owners. To put it bluntly, they are always worried about running out of battery while driving and being dumped on the way.

Representative models

Tesla series, NIO, WM Motor, Xpeng Motors, Nissan Leaf, BMW i3, BYD e6, e5, Qin EV, Tang EV, BAIC EV series, EU series, Chery Arrizo 5e, JAC iEV series, SAIC ERX5, Ei5, E50, etc.


Hybrid Electric vehicle, that is, hybrid electric vehicle. Generally refers to energy provided by fuel and batteries. Fuel engines and electric motors provide power.

Model features

This type of car generally has a small battery capacity and does not provide a charging interface. The battery energy is charged through energy recovery during the operation of the car.

The electric motor of this model is not very powerful, and it assists the fuel engine to provide power in scenes such as starting and accelerating. Because of the assistance of the electric motor, the large torque advantage of the electric motor is fully utilized, the overall efficiency during starting and acceleration is improved, and the overall fuel consumption of the vehicle is significantly reduced. Because it relies on fuel to provide energy, there is no range anxiety.

Representative models

Toyota Prius, Toyota Levin, Toyota Corolla, etc.


Plug-in Hybrid Electric vehicle, that is, plug-in hybrid electric vehicle. As the name suggests, the PHEV’s on-board power battery can be charged through a socket or through a fuel engine. Energy is provided by batteries and fuel. Power is provided by a fuel engine and an electric motor.

Different car manufacturers have great differences in the battery capacity, the number of motors, and the power configuration of the motors on PHEVs, which also form different vehicle styles and characteristics.

Model features

This type of vehicle can form a variety of drive combinations through the intervention algorithm of motors and fuel engines. For example, pure electric mode, pure fuel engine mode, motor plus fuel engine hybrid mode, etc.

In addition, PHEV can advance to attack and retreat to defend. When charging is convenient and the battery is sufficient, PHEV can drive in pure electric mode, saving energy and reducing emissions and reducing vehicle costs. When the battery is low and charging does not change, you can run on fuel and travel long distances without worries.

Some models, such as BYD Tang, are equipped with two motors at the front and rear, and the motor power is 110Kw. Together with the 151Kw fuel engine power, the peak power of 371Kw can achieve monster-level performance of 100 kilometers acceleration in 4.9 seconds. At the same time, Because it is equipped with two motors at the front and rear, it is easy to achieve four-wheel drive.

PHEV, in order to comply with national policies around 2015, those with a pure electric range of more than 50Km could receive government subsidies and enjoy new energy license plates. At that time, most PHEV models were equipped with a small battery capacity, basically around 10-15Kwh. , so generally only AC slow charging is configured as a charging interface; in recent years, PHEV battery capacity has become larger and larger, so fast charging interfaces have also begun to be configured, such as BYD Han DMi 2022 pure electric operating range up to 242Km, battery capacity 37.5 Kwh, equipped with up to 80Kw DC fast charging interface.

Representative models

BYD Qin, Tang, Han, Song series, SAIC Roewe series, Lynk & Co PHEV series, etc.


Extended-Range Electric Vehicles, extended-range electric vehicles, use fuel to generate electricity, charge the battery, and the electric motor drives the vehicle.

Model features

It is driven by a motor and has good characteristics of electric vehicles. It can be equipped with a smaller capacity battery, which is small in weight and low in cost. The battery can be charged through the socket or through the fuel engine while the car is driving. Because it can generate electricity from fuel, there is no range anxiety.

At present, the pure electric range of extended-range electric vehicles can basically reach more than 150Km, and the comprehensive range of full power and full fuel is about 1000Km. Electricity in the city and long-distance refueling. The driving experience of electric vehicles combined with the energy replenishment experience of fuel vehicles, in the current pure electric vehicle It is a good balanced solution when the battery life and energy replenishment experience of electric cars are not comparable to those of fuel cars.

Representative models

LEADING IDEAL ONE, BMW i3 extended range version, Voyah FREE extended range version, AITO M5, and the upcoming Leapmotor C11 extended range version and NETA S extended range version.


Fuel cell vehicle, a fuel cell vehicle, converts the chemical energy of the fuel into electrical energy to provide the energy required for driving, and the electric motor drives the vehicle to move. The main fuel type currently is hydrogen.

Model features

The energy of the fuel cell is replenished through refueling, so the time is similar to refueling. It can be done quickly.

In addition, the fuel cell energy conversion process has high efficiency, no noise, and no pollutant emissions.

However, the biggest difficulties currently faced by fuel cell vehicles are the difficulty of obtaining fuel, the difficulty of fuel storage and transportation, and the lack of adding sites.

Representative models

Toyota Mirai and Honda Clarity.

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